HTML Tutorial

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, so as name suggest, HTML gives a way to “mark up” text with tags that tell the browser how text is structured.

Don't Forget

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.

A markup language is a set of markup tags.

The tags describe the content of a document.

A HTML document contain markup tags and plain text.

Web browsers are used to read the HTML Documents.

Web browser displays the HTML document as a web page.

HTML Tags

HTML tags are keywords, surrounded by angle brackets like <html>

HTML tags are basically two types:

  • Single Tag (for example: '<br />')
  • Pair Tag (for example: '<html>' and '</html>' )

The first tag in a pair tag is the opening tag, the second tag is the closing tag.

The closing tag is written like the start tag, with a forward slash before the tag name.

The name of the tag tells the Web browser the purpose of the tag.

Web Page

A web page is a html document or other web resource that is suitable for the World Wide Web.

A web page can be accessed through a web browser.

A web page can be displayed on a monitor or mobile device.

A web page can contain plain text, hyper text and hyper media etc.

A web page can be of two types: Static Web Page and Dynamic Web Page.

A static web page is a web page that is delivered to the user exactly as stored.

A dynamic web page is a web page with web content that varies based on parameters, provided by a user or a computer program.

Web Browser

A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing, information resources on the World Wide Web.

An Information Resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video or other piece of content.

A web browser can also be defined as an application software or program, designed to enable users to access, retrieve and view documents and other resources on the Internet.

The first web browser was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee called WorldWideWeb and was later renamed Nexus.

The world's first popular browser called Netscape was invented in 1993 and innovated by Marc Andreessen

The purpose of a web browser is to read HTML documents and display them as web pages.

Hyperlink

A hyperlink is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow, or that is followed automatically.

A hyperlink points to a whole document or to a specific element within a document.

A hyperlink has an anchor, which is the location within a certain type of a document, from which the hyperlink can be followed

Hypertext

Hypertext is a text with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access, usually by a mouse click, keypress sequence or by touching the screen.

In 1963, Ted Nelson coined the terms 'hypertext'.

Hypertext is a text which is not constrained to be linear and contains links to other texts.

Hypermedia

Hypermedia is used as a logical extension of the term hypertext in which graphics, audio, video, plain text, and hyperlinks intertwine to create a generally non-linear medium of information.

Hypermedia extends the notion of the hypertext link to include links among any set of multimedia objects, including sound, motion video, and virtual reality.